Is it mandatory to have the “id” property in Bean/ApplicationContext Xml


Typical Bean Configuration XML file is given below.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd" >

<bean class="com.malliktalksjava.service.EmployeeService">
    <property name="empRepository" ref="employeeDAO"/>
</bean>

<bean id="employeeDAO" class="com.malliktalksjava.dao.EmployeeDao"/>

</beans>

From the above config, EmployeeService Bean is Anonymous because no id is supplied explicitly. Hence, Spring Container generates a unique id for that bean. It uses the fully qualified class name and appends a number to it.

However, if you want to refer that bean by name, through the use of the ref element you must provide a name.

Right way of doing is shown using second Bean, its been declared with employeeDAO id attribute in order to be referenced by the empRepository property of the first Bean.

Spring Core – Hello World Example


Pre Requisite :

Download and install the Spring STS into your machine. This will provide all the default spring configurations whenever you create the project

Application Creation Steps:

Step 1: Spring Maven project in your STS. This gives the project folder structure and one pom.xml file in root folder. Below is the Sample pom Xml.

<project xmlns=”http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0&#8243; xmlns:xsi=”http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance&#8221; xsi:schemaLocation=”http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd”&gt;
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<groupId>org.springframework.samples</groupId>
<artifactId>Spring-Project</artifactId>
<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>

<properties>

<!– Generic properties –>
<java.version>1.6</java.version>
<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
<project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>

<!– Spring –>
<spring-framework.version>3.2.3.RELEASE</spring-framework.version>

<!– Hibernate / JPA –>
<hibernate.version>4.2.1.Final</hibernate.version>

<!– Logging –>
<logback.version>1.0.13</logback.version>
<slf4j.version>1.7.5</slf4j.version>

<!– Test –>
<junit.version>4.11</junit.version>

</properties>

<dependencies>
<!– Spring and Transactions –>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
<version>${spring-framework.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
<version>${spring-framework.version}</version>
</dependency>

<!– Logging with SLF4J & LogBack –>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
<artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
<version>${slf4j.version}</version>
<scope>compile</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
<artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
<version>${logback.version}</version>
<scope>runtime</scope>
</dependency>

<!– Hibernate –>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
<artifactId>hibernate-entitymanager</artifactId>
<version>${hibernate.version}</version>
</dependency>
<!– Test Artifacts –>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
<version>${spring-framework.version}</version>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>junit</groupId>
<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
<version>${junit.version}</version>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

</dependencies>
</project>

Step 2: Create the bean class HelloWorldBean.java as below

package in.malliktalksjava.spring.examples;

public class HelloWorldBean {

private String message;

public void setMessage(String message){
this.message = message;
}

public void printMessage(){
System.out.println(“You are in Print Message : “+message);
}
}

Step 3: Create Beans Xml file and configure the HellowWorldBean into that file to make use of dependency injection.

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>
<beans xmlns=”http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans&#8221;
xmlns:xsi=”http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance&#8221;
xsi:schemaLocation=”http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd”&gt;
<bean id=”helloWorldBean” class=”in.malliktalksjava.spring.examples.HelloWorldBean”>
<property name=”message” value=”Hello World”></property>
</bean>

</beans>

Step 4: Create the Main Application class SpringCoreBeansXmlExample.java and load the beans xml

package in.malliktalksjava.spring.examples;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

/**
* @author mallikarjungunda
*
*/
public class SpringCoreBeansXmlExample {

/**
* @param args
*/
public static void main(String[] args) {

//Load the beans.xml into Application Context
ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(“beans.xml”);

//Inject the object whenever required
HelloWorldBean helloWorldBean = (HelloWorldBean)context.getBean(“helloWorldBean”);

helloWorldBean.printMessage();
}
}

Below is the out put that prints whenever you run the class.

You are in Print Message : Hello World

 

Thank you for going through the this example. Refer to Menu bar for other tutorials.

org.springframework.beans.NotReadablePropertyException: Invalid property


NotReadablePropertyException: Invalid property Exception

ERROR: org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.form.RadioButtonTag - Invalid property 'newUser' of bean class [com.malliktalksjava.bean.UserBean]: Bean property 'newUser' is not readable or has an invalid getter method: Does the return type of the getter match the parameter type of the setter?
org.springframework.beans.NotReadablePropertyException: Invalid property 'newUser' of bean class [com.malliktalksjava.bean.UserBean]: Bean property 'newUser' is not readable or has an invalid getter method: Does the return type of the getter match the parameter type of the setter?
at org.springframework.beans.BeanWrapperImpl.getPropertyValue(BeanWrapperImpl.java:725)
at org.springframework.beans.BeanWrapperImpl.getPropertyValue(BeanWrapperImpl.java:716)
at org.springframework.validation.AbstractPropertyBindingResult.getActualFieldValue(AbstractPropertyBindingResult.java:99)
at org.springframework.validation.AbstractBindingResult.getFieldValue(AbstractBindingResult.java:229)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.support.BindStatus.<init>(BindStatus.java:120)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.form.AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.getBindStatus(AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.java:168)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.form.AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.getPropertyPath(AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.java:188)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.form.AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.getName(AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.java:154)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.form.AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.autogenerateId(AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.java:141)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.form.AbstractCheckedElementTag.autogenerateId(AbstractCheckedElementTag.java:81)

Solution:

  • Ensure all the properties configured in the form are available in the FormBean object.
  • In the above case, radio button property have not been configured in the UserBean class.

Features of Spring Web MVC


Spring’s web module includes many unique web support features:

  • Clear separation of roles. Each role — controller, validator, command object, form object, model object, DispatcherServlet, handler mapping, view resolver, and so on — can be fulfilled by a specialized object.
  • Powerful and straightforward configuration of both framework and application classes as JavaBeans. This configuration capability includes easy referencing across contexts, such as from web controllers to business objects and validators.
  • Adaptability, non-intrusiveness, and flexibility. Define any controller method signature you need, possibly using one of the parameter annotations (such as @RequestParam, @RequestHeader, @PathVariable, and more) for a given scenario.
  • Reusable business code, no need for duplication. Use existing business objects as command or form objects instead of mirroring them to extend a particular framework base class.
  • Customizable binding and validation. Type mismatches as application-level validation errors that keep the offending value, localized date and number binding, and so on instead of String-only form objects with manual parsing and conversion to business objects.
  • Customizable handler mapping and view resolution. Handler mapping and view resolution strategies range from simple URL-based configuration, to sophisticated, purpose-built resolution strategies. Spring is more flexible than web MVC frameworks that mandate a particular technique.
  • Flexible model transfer. Model transfer with a name/value Map supports easy integration with any view technology. Customizable locale, time zone and theme resolution, support for JSPs with or without Spring tag library, support for JSTL, support for Velocity without the need for extra bridges, and so on.
  • A simple yet powerful JSP tag library known as the Spring tag library that provides support for features such as data binding and themes. The custom tags allow for maximum flexibility in terms of markup code. For information on the tag library descriptor, see the appendix entitled Chapter 36, spring.tld
  • A JSP form tag library, introduced in Spring 2.0, that makes writing forms in JSP pages much easier.
  • Beans whose lifecycle is scoped to the current HTTP request or HTTP Session. This is not a specific feature of Spring MVC itself, but rather of the WebApplicationContext container(s) that Spring MVC uses. These bean scopes are described in the section called “Request, session, and global session scopes”

Source:

http://docs.spring.io/spring/docs/current/spring-framework-reference/pdf/spring-framework-reference.pdf

javax.servlet.ServletException: Could not resolve view with name ‘home’ in servlet with name ‘springDispatcher’


ServletException: Could not resolve view with name

javax.servlet.ServletException: Could not resolve view with name 'home' in servlet with name 'springDispatcher'
	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1200)
	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:1005)
	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:952)
	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:870)
	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:961)
	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:852)
	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:734)
	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:837)
	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:847)

Solution

If it is a Tiles framework integrated Application, verify the Tiles Definition is defined in tiles-defs.xml file.

If it is not a tiles application, verify the corresponding View is available in the Application or not.

Context initialization failed: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name ’tilesConfigurer’ defined in ServletContext resource


Below is the exception that I have received when I am integrating the tiles 3.0 framework with Spring 4.0 web mvc application. Using the solution below I have rectified the issue my self. Hope this is useful to all.

21:02:06,311 ERROR [org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet] (ServerService Thread Pool — 74) Context initialization failed: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name ’tilesConfigurer’ defined in ServletContext resource [/config/spring-context.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: org.apache.tiles.access.TilesAccess.setContainer(Lorg/apache/tiles/request/ApplicationContext;Lorg/apache/tiles/TilesContainer;Ljava/lang/String;)V
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1553) [spring-beans-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:539) [spring-beans-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:475) [spring-beans-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:304) [spring-beans-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:228) [spring-beans-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:300) [spring-beans-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:195) [spring-beans-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:703) [spring-beans-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:760) [spring-context-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:482) [spring-context-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.configureAndRefreshWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:658) [spring-webmvc-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:624) [spring-webmvc-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:672) [spring-webmvc-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:543) [spring-webmvc-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initServletBean(FrameworkServlet.java:484) [spring-webmvc-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.HttpServletBean.init(HttpServletBean.java:136) [spring-webmvc-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at javax.servlet.GenericServlet.init(GenericServlet.java:242) [jboss-servlet-api_3.0_spec-1.0.2.Final-redhat-1.jar:1.0.2.Final-redhat-1]
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.loadServlet(StandardWrapper.java:1194) [jbossweb-7.2.2.Final-redhat-1.jar:7.2.2.Final-redhat-1]
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.load(StandardWrapper.java:1100) [jbossweb-7.2.2.Final-redhat-1.jar:7.2.2.Final-redhat-1]
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.loadOnStartup(StandardContext.java:3591) [jbossweb-7.2.2.Final-redhat-1.jar:7.2.2.Final-redhat-1]
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:3798) [jbossweb-7.2.2.Final-redhat-1.jar:7.2.2.Final-redhat-1]
at org.jboss.as.web.deployment.WebDeploymentService.doStart(WebDeploymentService.java:156) [jboss-as-web-7.3.0.Final-redhat-14.jar:7.3.0.Final-redhat-14]
at org.jboss.as.web.deployment.WebDeploymentService.access$000(WebDeploymentService.java:60) [jboss-as-web-7.3.0.Final-redhat-14.jar:7.3.0.Final-redhat-14]
at org.jboss.as.web.deployment.WebDeploymentService$1.run(WebDeploymentService.java:93) [jboss-as-web-7.3.0.Final-redhat-14.jar:7.3.0.Final-redhat-14]
at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511) [rt.jar:1.8.0]
at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266) [rt.jar:1.8.0]
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142) [rt.jar:1.8.0]
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617) [rt.jar:1.8.0]
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:744) [rt.jar:1.8.0]
at org.jboss.threads.JBossThread.run(JBossThread.java:122)
Caused by: java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: org.apache.tiles.access.TilesAccess.setContainer(Lorg/apache/tiles/request/ApplicationContext;Lorg/apache/tiles/TilesContainer;Ljava/lang/String;)V
at org.apache.tiles.startup.AbstractTilesInitializer.initialize(AbstractTilesInitializer.java:65) [tiles-core-3.0.4.jar:3.0.4]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles3.TilesConfigurer.afterPropertiesSet(TilesConfigurer.java:270) [spring-webmvc-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.invokeInitMethods(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1612) [spring-beans-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1549) [spring-beans-4.0.3.RELEASE.jar:4.0.3.RELEASE]
… 29 more

 

Solution:

step 1: Check the spring tiles configuration: DTD should match with the version of jars added into application

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″ ?>
<!DOCTYPE tiles-definitions PUBLIC
-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Tiles Configuration 3.0//EN”
http://tiles.apache.org/dtds/tiles-config_3_0.dtd”&gt;

<tiles-definitions>
<definition name=”base.definition” template=”/jsp/layout.jsp”>
<put-attribute name=”title” value=”” />
<put-attribute name=”header” value=”/jsp/header.jsp” />
<put-attribute name=”menu” value=”/jsp/menu.jsp” />
<put-attribute name=”body” value=”” />
<put-attribute name=”footer” value=”/jsp/footer.jsp” />
</definition>

<definition name=”contact” extends=”base.definition”>
<put-attribute name=”title”
value=”Sample Spring MVC With Tiles Appliacation” />
<put-attribute name=”body” value=”/jsp/contact.jsp” />
</definition>

</tiles-definitions>

Step 2: Check the spring configuration files: DTD should match to the jars added into application

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>
<beans xmlns=”http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans&#8221;
xmlns:xsi=”http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance&#8221; xmlns:mvc=”http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc&#8221;
xmlns:context=”http://www.springframework.org/schema/context&#8221;
xsi:schemaLocation=”
http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.0.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd“>

<context:component-scan base-package=”in.javatutorials.spring.controller” />
<mvc:annotation-driven />
<bean id=”viewResolver” class=”org.springframework.web.servlet.view.UrlBasedViewResolver“>
<property name=”viewClass” value=”org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles3.TilesView“/>
</bean>

<bean id=”tilesConfigurer” class=“org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles3.TilesConfigurer“>
<property name=”definitions”>
<list>
<value>/config/tiles.xml</value>
</list>
</property>
</bean>

</beans>

Step 3: Check the jar versions with the above DTD versions:

Spring4 and Tiles 3 Integration Jars

javax.servlet.ServletException: BeanUtils.populate


javax.servlet.ServletException: BeanUtils.populate
org.apache.struts.util.RequestUtils.populate(RequestUtils.java:497)
org.apache.struts.action.RequestProcessor.processPopulate(RequestProcessor.java:798)
org.apache.struts.action.RequestProcessor.process(RequestProcessor.java:205)
org.apache.struts.action.ActionServlet.process(ActionServlet.java:1164)
org.apache.struts.action.ActionServlet.doPost(ActionServlet.java:415)
javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:709)
javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:802)

Root Cause:

java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: argument type mismatch
sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:585)
org.apache.commons.beanutils.PropertyUtils.setSimpleProperty(PropertyUtils.java:1789)
org.apache.commons.beanutils.PropertyUtils.setNestedProperty(PropertyUtils.java:1684)
org.apache.commons.beanutils.PropertyUtils.setProperty(PropertyUtils.java:1713)
org.apache.commons.beanutils.BeanUtils.setProperty(BeanUtils.java:1019)
org.apache.commons.beanutils.BeanUtils.populate(BeanUtils.java:808)
org.apache.struts.util.RequestUtils.populate(RequestUtils.java:495)
org.apache.struts.action.RequestProcessor.processPopulate(RequestProcessor.java:798)
org.apache.struts.action.RequestProcessor.process(RequestProcessor.java:205)
org.apache.struts.action.ActionServlet.process(ActionServlet.java:1164)
org.apache.struts.action.ActionServlet.doPost(ActionServlet.java:415)
javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:709)
javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:802)

Solution:

Fallowings are may be the reason for the above exception
1) The action attribute of an tag must match exactly the path attribute of the action definition in the struts-config.xml file. This is how Struts associates the ActionForm bean with the action.

2) This error usually occurs when you have specified a form name that does not exist in your tag. For example, you specific and ‘myForm’ is not the name of a form associated with myAction in the struts-config file

3) You get this message when Struts is unable to map the data in the HTML form to the properties in your ActionForm bean. Make sure each of the properties on your bean is either a String or a Boolean. Do you have any properties of type java.util.Date or other objects? That might cause this error. Also check to see that you have public getters and setter for each of your properties.

Struts Internationalization Example


web.xml :

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”Shift_JIS”?>

<!DOCTYPE web-app
PUBLIC “-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN”
http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd”&gt;

<web-app>
<servlet>
<servlet-name>action</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>org.apache.struts.action.ActionServlet</servlet-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>config</param-name>
<param-value>/WEB-INF/struts-config.xml</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>debug</param-name>
<param-value>2</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>detail</param-name>
<param-value>2</param-value>
</init-param>
<load-on-startup>2</load-on-startup>
</servlet>

<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>action</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
<welcome-file-list>
<welcome-file>login.jsp</welcome-file>
</welcome-file-list>

<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/tags/struts-bean</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-bean.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>

<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/tags/struts-html</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-html.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>

<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/tags/struts-logic</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-logic.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>

<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/tags/struts-nested</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-nested.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>

<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/tags/struts-tiles</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-tiles.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>

</web-app>

struts-config.xml:

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>
<!DOCTYPE struts-config PUBLIC “-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 1.2//EN” “http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-config_1_2.dtd”&gt;
<struts-config>
<data-sources>
</data-sources>
<form-beans>
<form-bean name=”loginform” type=”org.apache.struts.validator.DynaValidatorForm”>
<form-property name=”username” type=”java.lang.String”></form-property>
<form-property name=”password” type=”java.lang.String”></form-property>
</form-bean>
</form-beans>
<global-exceptions>
</global-exceptions>
<global-forwards>
</global-forwards>
<action-mappings>
<action path=”/login” type=”in.javatutorials.actions.LoginAction” name=”loginform” validate=”true” input=”/login.jsp”>
<forward name=”success” path=”/welcome.jsp”></forward>
<forward name=”failure” path=”/login.jsp”></forward>
</action>
</action-mappings>
<controller locale=”true” processorClass=”org.apache.struts.tiles.TilesRequestProcessor”/>
<message-resources parameter=”ApplicationResources”/>
<plug-in className=”org.apache.struts.tiles.TilesPlugin”>
<set-property property=”definitions-config” value=”/WEB-INF/tiles-defs.xml”/>
<set-property property=”moduleAware” value=”true”/>
</plug-in>
<plug-in className=”org.apache.struts.validator.ValidatorPlugIn”>
<set-property property=”pathnames” value=”/WEB-INF/validator-rules.xml,/WEB-INF/validation.xml”/>
</plug-in>
</struts-config>

login.jsp :

<%@ taglib uri=”/tags/struts-bean” prefix=”bean” %>
<%@ taglib uri=”/tags/struts-logic” prefix=”logic” %>
<%@ taglib uri=”/tags/struts-html” prefix=”html” %>
<%@ taglib uri=”/tags/struts-nested” prefix=”nested” %>

<html:html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv=”Content-Type” content=”text/html; charset=Cp1252″/>
<title></title>
</head>
<body bgcolor=”yellow”>
<center>
<html:errors/>
<bean:message key=”welcome.message”/>
<html:form method=”POST” action=”login”>
<bean:message key=”username”/><html:text property=”username”></html:text><br><br>
<bean:message key=”password”/><html:text property=”password”></html:text><br><br>
<html:submit><bean:message key=”register.submit”/></html:submit>
</html:form>
</center>
</body>
</html:html>

LoginAction.java:

 package in.javatutorials.actions;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import org.apache.struts.action.Action;
import org.apache.struts.action.ActionForm;
import org.apache.struts.action.ActionForward;
import org.apache.struts.action.ActionMapping;
import org.apache.struts.validator.DynaValidatorForm;

/**
* LoginAction Class
*/

public class LoginAction extends Action {
/**
* Action class execute method
*/

public ActionForward execute(ActionMapping actionMapping,ActionForm actionForm,HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponse response)throws Exception{

String responseKey=”failure”;
DynaValidatorForm dynaValidatorForm=(DynaValidatorForm) actionForm;
String user=(String)dynaValidatorForm.get(“username”);
String pwd=(String)dynaValidatorForm.get(“password”);

if(user.equals(pwd))
responseKey=”success”;
return actionMapping.findForward(responseKey);

}
}

welcome.jsp :

<%@ page contentType=”text/html; charset=Cp1252″ %>
<%@ taglib uri=”/tags/struts-bean” prefix=”bean” %>
<%@ taglib uri=”/tags/struts-logic” prefix=”logic” %>
<%@ taglib uri=”/tags/struts-html” prefix=”html” %>
<%@ taglib uri=”/tags/struts-nested” prefix=”nested” %>

<html:html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv=”Content-Type” content=”text/html; charset=Cp1252″/>
<title></title>
</head>
<body bgcolor=”green”>
<h1><bean:message key=”welcome”/></h1>
</body>
</html:html>

ApplicationResources_it.properties :

welcome.message=Dare if benevenuato all aperatoreitaliano(in english:welcome to italian user)
welcome=<b>Dare if benevenuato all aperatoreitaliano</b>
username=<b>nome de operatore</b>
password=<b>parola de ordine</b>
register.submit=registero
errors.required=<li><i>if compo di{0}non puo essere vuoto</i></li>
errors.minlength=<li><i>la {0}non puo essere vuoto {2} carreteri.</i></li>

ApplicationResources_en.properties :

welcome.message = welcome to english user
welcome=<b>Hello english user welcome to our website</b>
username=<b>username</b>
password=<b>password</b>
register.submit=register
errors.required=<li><i>{0}field cannot be empty.</i></li>
errors.minlength=<li><i>{0}cannot be lessthan {2} charecters.</i></li>

List of View Resolvers in Spring MVC


In Spring MVC, view resolvers enable you to render models in a browser without tying you to a specific view technology like JSP, Velocity, XML…etc.

There are two interfaces that are important to the way Spring handles views are ViewResolver and View. The ViewResolver provides a mapping between view names and actual views. The View interface addresses the preparation of the request and hands the request over to one of the view technologies.

Below are the important view resolvers provided by spring framework:

  1. AbstractCachingViewResolver : Abstract view resolver that caches views. Often views need preparation before they can be used; extending this view resolver provides caching.
  2. XmlViewResolver : Implementation of ViewResolver that accepts a configuration file written in XML with the same DTD as Spring’s XML bean factories. The default configuration file is /WEB-INF/views.xml.
  3. ResourceBundleViewResolver : Implementation of ViewResolver that uses bean definitions in a ResourceBundle, specified by the bundle base name. Typically you define the bundle in a properties file, located in the classpath. The default file name is views.properties.
  4. UrlBasedViewResolver : Simple implementation of the ViewResolver interface that effects the direct resolution of logical view names to URLs, without an explicit mapping definition. This is appropriate if your logical names match the names of your view resources in a straightforward manner, without the need for arbitrary mappings.
  5. InternalResourceViewResolver :  Convenient subclass of UrlBasedViewResolver that supports InternalResourceView (in effect, Servlets and JSPs) and subclasses such as JstlView and TilesView. You can specify the view class for all views generated by this resolver by using setViewClass(..).
  6. VelocityViewResolver/FreeMarkerViewResolver : Convenient subclass of UrlBasedViewResolver that supports VelocityView (in effect, Velocity templates) or FreeMarkerView ,respectively, and custom subclasses of them.
  7. ContentNegotiatingViewResolver : Implementation of the ViewResolver interface that resolves a view based on the request file name or Accept header.

Other Useful Links:

Basic Spring MVC Application

Spring MVC with Tiles framework sample application