Apache Kafka – Java Producer & Consumer


Apache Kakfa is an opensource distributed event streaming platform which works based on publish/subscribe messaging system. That means, there would be a producer who publishes messages to Kafka and a consumer who reads messages from Kafka. In between, Kafka acts like a filesystem or database commit log.

In this article we will discuss about writing a Kafka producer and consumer using Java with customized serialization and deserializations.

Kakfa Producer Application:

Producer is the one who publish the messages to Kafka topic. Topic is a partitioner in Kafka environment, it is very similar to a folder in a file system. In the below example program, messages are getting published to Kafka topic ‘kafka-message-count-topic‘.

package com.malliktalksjava.kafka.producer;

import java.util.Properties;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

import com.malliktalksjava.kafka.constants.KafkaConstants;
import com.malliktalksjava.kafka.util.CustomPartitioner;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.producer.*;
import org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.LongSerializer;
import org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

public class KafkaSampleProducer {

    static Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(KafkaSampleProducer.class);

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        runProducer();
    }

    static void runProducer() {
        Producer<Long, String> producer = createProducer();

        for (int index = 0; index < KafkaConstants.MESSAGE_COUNT; index++) {
            ProducerRecord<Long, String> record = new ProducerRecord<Long, String>(KafkaConstants.TOPIC_NAME,
                    "This is record " + index);
            try {
                RecordMetadata metadata = producer.send(record).get();
                //log.info("Record sent with key " + index + " to partition " + metadata.partition() +
                 //       " with offset " + metadata.offset());
                System.out.println("Record sent with key " + index + " to partition " + metadata.partition() +
                        " with offset " + metadata.offset());
            } catch (ExecutionException e) {
                log.error("Error in sending record", e);
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                log.error("Error in sending record", e);
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    public static Producer<Long, String> createProducer() {
        Properties props = new Properties();
        props.put(ProducerConfig.BOOTSTRAP_SERVERS_CONFIG, KafkaConstants.KAFKA_BROKERS);
        props.put(ProducerConfig.CLIENT_ID_CONFIG, KafkaConstants.CLIENT_ID);
        props.put(ProducerConfig.KEY_SERIALIZER_CLASS_CONFIG, LongSerializer.class.getName());
        props.put(ProducerConfig.VALUE_SERIALIZER_CLASS_CONFIG, StringSerializer.class.getName());
        props.put(ProducerConfig.PARTITIONER_CLASS_CONFIG, CustomPartitioner.class.getName());
        return new KafkaProducer<>(props);
    }
}

Kakfa Consumer Program:

Consumer is the one who subscribe to Kafka topic to read the messages. There are different ways to read the messages from Kafka, below example polls the topic for every thousend milli seconds to fetch the messages from Kafka.

package com.malliktalksjava.kafka.consumer;

import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Properties;

import com.malliktalksjava.kafka.constants.KafkaConstants;
import com.malliktalksjava.kafka.producer.KafkaSampleProducer;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.Consumer;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.ConsumerConfig;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.KafkaConsumer;
import org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.LongDeserializer;
import org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer;

import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.ConsumerRecords;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

public class KafkaSampleConsumer {
    static Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(KafkaSampleProducer.class);

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        runConsumer();
    }

    static void runConsumer() {
        Consumer<Long, String> consumer = createConsumer();
        int noMessageFound = 0;
        while (true) {
            ConsumerRecords<Long, String> consumerRecords = consumer.poll(1000);
            // 1000 is the time in milliseconds consumer will wait if no record is found at broker.
            if (consumerRecords.count() == 0) {
                noMessageFound++;
                if (noMessageFound > KafkaConstants.MAX_NO_MESSAGE_FOUND_COUNT)
                    // If no message found count is reached to threshold exit loop.
                    break;
                else
                    continue;
            }

            //print each record.
            consumerRecords.forEach(record -> {
                System.out.println("Record Key " + record.key());
                System.out.println("Record value " + record.value());
                System.out.println("Record partition " + record.partition());
                System.out.println("Record offset " + record.offset());
            });

            // commits the offset of record to broker.
            consumer.commitAsync();
        }
        consumer.close();
    }

        public static Consumer<Long, String> createConsumer() {
            Properties props = new Properties();
            props.put(ConsumerConfig.BOOTSTRAP_SERVERS_CONFIG, KafkaConstants.KAFKA_BROKERS);
            props.put(ConsumerConfig.GROUP_ID_CONFIG, KafkaConstants.GROUP_ID_CONFIG);
            props.put(ConsumerConfig.KEY_DESERIALIZER_CLASS_CONFIG, LongDeserializer.class.getName());
            props.put(ConsumerConfig.VALUE_DESERIALIZER_CLASS_CONFIG, StringDeserializer.class.getName());
            props.put(ConsumerConfig.MAX_POLL_RECORDS_CONFIG, KafkaConstants.MAX_POLL_RECORDS);
            props.put(ConsumerConfig.ENABLE_AUTO_COMMIT_CONFIG, "false");
            props.put(ConsumerConfig.AUTO_OFFSET_RESET_CONFIG, KafkaConstants.OFFSET_RESET_EARLIER);

            Consumer<Long, String> consumer = new KafkaConsumer<>(props);
            consumer.subscribe(Collections.singletonList(KafkaConstants.TOPIC_NAME));
            return consumer;
        }
}

Messages will be published to a Kafka partition called Topic. A Kafka topic is sub-divided into units called partitions for fault tolerance and scalability.

Every Record in Kafka has key value pairs, while publishing messages key is optional. If you don’t pass the key, Kafka will assign its own key for each message. In Above example, ProducerRecord<Integer, String> is the message that published to Kafka has Integer type as key and String as value.

Message Model Class: Below model class is used to publish the object. Refer to below descriptions on how this class being used in the application.

package com.malliktalksjava.kafka.model;

import java.io.Serializable;

public class Message implements Serializable{

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    private String id;
    private String name;

    public String getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(String id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }
}

Constants class: All the constants related to this application have been placed into below class.

package com.malliktalksjava.kafka.constants;

public class KafkaConstants {

    public static String KAFKA_BROKERS = "localhost:9092";

    public static Integer MESSAGE_COUNT=100;

    public static String CLIENT_ID="client1";

    public static String TOPIC_NAME="kafka-message-count-topic";

    public static String GROUP_ID_CONFIG="consumerGroup1";

    public static String GROUP_ID_CONFIG_2 ="consumerGroup2";

    public static Integer MAX_NO_MESSAGE_FOUND_COUNT=100;

    public static String OFFSET_RESET_LATEST="latest";

    public static String OFFSET_RESET_EARLIER="earliest";

    public static Integer MAX_POLL_RECORDS=1;
}

Custom Serializer: Serializer is the class which converts java objects to write into disk. Below custom serializer is converting the Message object to JSON String. Serialized message will be placed into Kafka Topic, this message can’t be read until it is deserialized by the consumer.

package com.malliktalksjava.kafka.util;

import java.util.Map;
import com.malliktalksjava.kafka.model.Message;
import org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.Serializer;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;

public class CustomSerializer implements Serializer<Message> {

    @Override
    public void configure(Map<String, ?> configs, boolean isKey) {

    }

    @Override
    public byte[] serialize(String topic, Message data) {
        byte[] retVal = null;
        ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        try {
            retVal = objectMapper.writeValueAsString(data).getBytes();
        } catch (Exception exception) {
            System.out.println("Error in serializing object"+ data);
        }
        return retVal;
    }
    @Override
    public void close() {

    }
}

Custom Deserializer: Below custom deserializer, converts the serealized object coming from Kafka into Java object.

package com.malliktalksjava.kafka.util;

import java.util.Map;

import com.malliktalksjava.kafka.model.Message;
import org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.Deserializer;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;

public class CustomObjectDeserializer implements Deserializer<Message> {

    @Override
    public void configure(Map<String, ?> configs, boolean isKey) {
    }

    @Override
    public Message deserialize(String topic, byte[] data) {
        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        Message object = null;
        try {
            object = mapper.readValue(data, Message.class);
        } catch (Exception exception) {
            System.out.println("Error in deserializing bytes "+ exception);
        }
        return object;
    }

    @Override
    public void close() {
    }
}

Custom Partitioner: If you would like to do any custom settings for Kafka, you can do that using the java code. Below is the sample custom partitioner created as part of this applicaiton.

package com.malliktalksjava.kafka.util;

import org.apache.kafka.clients.producer.Partitioner;
import org.apache.kafka.common.Cluster;
import java.util.Map;

public class CustomPartitioner implements Partitioner{

    private static final int PARTITION_COUNT=50;

    @Override
    public void configure(Map<String, ?> configs) {

    }

    @Override
    public int partition(String topic, Object key, byte[] keyBytes, Object value, byte[] valueBytes, Cluster cluster) {
        Integer keyInt=Integer.parseInt(key.toString());
        return keyInt % PARTITION_COUNT;
    }

    @Override
    public void close() {
    }
}

Here is the GIT Hub link for the program: https://github.com/mallikarjungunda/kafka-producer-consumer

Hope you liked the details, please share your feedback in comments.

Different ways of sorting an User Object


There are many ways to sort a java object but it is very hard to figure out which one is more efficient. Here is an example which describes different ways of executing sorting mechanism for User object based on age.

Try to run this application in you local machine to see which method is more efficient and good to use in our regular programming life.

package com.malliktalksjava.java8;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Comparator;
import java.util.List;

import static java.util.stream.Collectors.toList;

public class SortingExampleUser {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        List<User> userList = new ArrayList<>();
        userList.add(new User("Ram", 28));
        userList.add(new User("Raj", 35));
        userList.add(new User("Rakesh", 31));
        userList.add(new User("Peter", 30));
        userList.add(new User("John", 25));
        userList.add(new User("Sri", 55));

        long starttime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        System.out.println("sortListUsingCollections : " + sortListUsingCollections(userList));
        System.out.println("Time Taken in Millis : " + (System.currentTimeMillis() - starttime));

        long starttime2 = System.currentTimeMillis();
        System.out.println("sortListUsingCollections : " + sortListUsingStreams(userList));
        System.out.println("Time Taken in Millis  2: " + (System.currentTimeMillis() - starttime2));

        long starttime3 = System.currentTimeMillis();
        System.out.println("sortListUsingCollections : " + sortUsingLambda(userList));
        System.out.println("Time Taken in Millis  2: " + (System.currentTimeMillis() - starttime3));


    }


    //using Collections.sort
    private static List<User> sortListUsingCollections(List<User> list){

        Collections.sort(list, Comparator.comparingInt(User::getAge));
        //Collections.reverse(list); // un comment if for descending order

        return list;
    }

    //using streams and comparator
    private static List<User> sortListUsingStreams(List<User> list){

        return list.stream()
                .sorted(Comparator.comparingInt(User::getAge))
                //.sorted(Comparator.comparingInt(User::getAge).reversed()) //-- for reverse order uncomment this line and comment above line
                .collect(toList());
    }

    //using lambda expressions
    private static List<User> sortUsingLambda(List<User> list){

        return list.stream()
                .sorted((User user1, User user2) -> user1.getAge() > user2.getAge() ? 1: 0)
                //.sorted((User user1, User user2) -> user1.getAge() < user2.getAge() ? 1: 0) - uncomment if reverse order needed
                .collect(toList());

    }
}

class User{
    private String name;
    private int age;

    public User(String name, int age) {
        this.name = name;
        this.age = age;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public int getAge() {
        return age;
    }

    public void setAge(int age) {
        this.age = age;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "User{" +
                "name='" + name + '\'' +
                ", age=" + age +
                '}';
    }
}

String.join() Example – Java 8


Java 8 has String.join() method where first parameter is separator and then you can pass either multiple strings or some instance of Iterable having instances of strings as second parameter. Here is the sample program:

package in.mallikatalksjava.java8;
import java.time.ZoneId;

public class StringJoinDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
	String joined = String.join("", "mallik", "talks", "java",".in");
	System.out.println(joined);
		
	String directory = String.join("/", "C:", "java", "programs");
	System.out.println(directory);

	String ids = String.join(", ", ZoneId.getAvailableZoneIds());
	System.out.println(ids);
	}
}

Output:
malliktalksjava.in
C:/java/programs
Asia/Aden, America/Cuiaba, Etc/GMT+9, Etc/GMT+8, Africa/Nairobi, America/Marigot, Asia/Aqtau ....etc.

Example Program: Search Word in Folder files and print output


To Search a word in in list of files available in Folder, you need to find the list of files first and then scan each and every for required word. Below is the sample program to find the a given word Java in D:\\test folder of files.

package in.javatutorials;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.util.Scanner;
import java.util.regex.MatchResult;

/**
 * Search for the files in a folder and prints all file details.
 */
public class WordCrawlerInFolder {

private static String directoryPath = "D://test";
private static String searchWord = "Java";

public WordCrawlerInFolder() {
super();
}

public static void main(String[] args) {
   WordCrawlerInFolder crawler = new WordCrawlerInFolder();
    File directory = new File(directoryPath);

    if (directory == null || !directory.exists()) {
           System.out.println("Directory doesn't exists!!!");
           return;
    }
    crawler.directoryCrawler(directory, searchWord);
}

/**
* Gets all the file and directories and prints accordingly
* @param directory
* Directory path where it should search
*/
public void directoryCrawler(File directory, String searchWord) {

// Get List of files in folder and print
File[] filesAndDirs = directory.listFiles();

// Print the root directory name
//System.out.println("-" + directory.getName());

// Iterate the list of files, if it is identified as not a file call
// directoryCrawler method to list all the files in that directory.
for (File file : filesAndDirs) {

if (file.isFile()) {
searchWord(file, searchWord);
//System.out.println(" |-" + file.getName());
} else {
directoryCrawler(file, searchWord);
}
}
}

/**
* Search for word in a given file.
* @param file
* @param searchWord
*/
private void searchWord(File file, String searchWord){
Scanner scanFile;
try {
scanFile = new Scanner(file);
while (null != scanFile.findWithinHorizon("(?i)\\b"+searchWord+"\\b", 0)) {
MatchResult mr = scanFile.match();
System.out.printf("Word found : %s at index %d to %d.%n", mr.group(),
mr.start(), mr.end());
}
scanFile.close();
} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
System.err.println("Search File Not Found !!!!! ");
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}

We have used some escape characters in above class searchWord() method, below is the notation for the same.

  1. (?i) turn on the case-insensitive switch
  2. \b means a word boundary
  3. java is the string searched for
  4. \b a word boundary again.

If search term contain special characters, it would be suggested to use \Q and \E around the string, as it quotes all characters in between. Make sure the input doesn’t contain \E itself.

Other Useful Links:

Javac/Java searching algorithm for other classes

Example program to reverse a Number in Java

How to find count of duplicates in a List

Threads Interview questions in Java

Merge Sort Example in Java


package in.malliktalksjava;

/**
* @author malliktalksjava
*
* Sorts the given array using merge sort algorithm
*/
public class MergeSortExample {

private int[] array;
private int[] tempMergArr;
private int length;

/**
* @param args
*
* main method.
* Pass the array to sort method and prints the output array into console.
*/
public static void main(String args[]){

int[] inputArr = {12,25,36,95,86,21,14,52,85,32};
MergeSortExample mergeSorter = new MergeSortExample();
mergeSorter.sort(inputArr);
for(int sortedValue:inputArr){
System.out.print(sortedValue);
System.out.print(” “);
}
}

/**
* @param inputArr
*
* Checks given array is null of not, then pass it to mergeSort Method.
*/
public void sort(int[] inputArr) {

if (inputArr == null || inputArr.length == 0) {
System.out.println(“Given Array is null or does not contain any elements”);
return;
}

this.array = inputArr;
this.length = inputArr.length;
this.tempMergArr = new int[length];
mergeSort(0, length – 1);
}

/**
* @param lowerIndex
* @param higherIndex
*
* Sorts the array using mergesort algorithm.
*/
private void mergeSort(int lowerIndex, int higherIndex) {

if (lowerIndex < higherIndex) {
int middle = lowerIndex + (higherIndex – lowerIndex) / 2;
// sort the left side of the array
mergeSort(lowerIndex, middle);
// sort the right side of the array
mergeSort(middle + 1, higherIndex);
// merge both sides
mergeParts(lowerIndex, middle, higherIndex);
}
}

/**
* @param lowerIndex
* @param middle
* @param higherIndex
*
*
*/
private void mergeParts(int lowerIndex, int middle, int higherIndex) {

for (int i = lowerIndex; i <= higherIndex; i++) {
tempMergArr[i] = array[i];
}
int i = lowerIndex;
int j = middle + 1;
int k = lowerIndex;
while (i <= middle && j <= higherIndex) {
if (tempMergArr[i] <= tempMergArr[j]) {
array[k] = tempMergArr[i];
i++;
} else {
array[k] = tempMergArr[j];
j++;
}
k++;
}
while (i <= middle) {
array[k] = tempMergArr[i];
k++;
i++;
}
}
}

 

Other Useful Links:

Quick Sort Example Program in Java

Insertion Sort Example program in JAVA

Selection Sort Example Program in Java

Bubble Sort Example in JAVA

Quick Sort Example Program in Java


package in.malliktalksjava;

/**
* @author malliktalksjava
*
* Sort the given array using QuickSort Algorithm
*/
public class QuickSortExample {

private int array[];
private int length;

/**
* @param args
*
* Main Method. Calls the sort method and print the output into
* console.
*/
public static void main(String args[]) {
QuickSortExample quickSorter = new QuickSortExample();
int[] input = { 15, 42, 14, 100, 85, 1, 13, 6, 9 };
quickSorter.sortArray(input);
for (int count : input) {
System.out.print(count);
System.out.print(” “);
}
}

/**
* @param inputArr
*
* Checks given array is empty or null, if not calls quickSort
* method.
*/
public void sortArray(int[] inputArr) {

if (inputArr == null || inputArr.length == 0) {
return;
}
this.array = inputArr;
length = inputArr.length;
quickSort(0, length – 1);
}

/**
* @param lowerIndex
* @param higherIndex
*
* Sorts the given array
*/
private void quickSort(int lowerIndex, int higherIndex) {

int temp1 = lowerIndex;
int temp2 = higherIndex;
// calculate pivot number, here pivot is middle index number
int pivot = array[lowerIndex + (higherIndex – lowerIndex) / 2];
// Divide into two arrays
while (temp1 <= temp2) {
/**
* In each iteration, we will identify a number from left side which
* is greater then the pivot value, and also we will identify a
* number from right side which is less then the pivot value. Once
* the search is done, then we exchange both numbers.
*/
while (array[temp1] < pivot) {
temp1++;
}
while (array[temp2] > pivot) {
temp2–;
}
if (temp1 <= temp2) {
exchangeNumbers(temp1, temp2);
// move index to next position on both sides
temp1++;
temp2–;
}
}
// call quickSort() method recursively
if (lowerIndex < temp2)
quickSort(lowerIndex, temp2);
if (temp1 < higherIndex)
quickSort(temp1, higherIndex);
}

/**
* @param param1
* @param param2
*
* Exchange the numbers and set to instance array variable
*/
private void exchangeNumbers(int param1, int param2) {
int temp = array[param1];
array[param1] = array[param2];
array[param2] = temp;
}
}

 

Other Useful Links:

Bubble Sort Example in JAVA

Selection Sort Example Program in JAVA

Insertion Sort Example program in JAVA

Merge Sort Example in Java

Selection Sort Example Program in Java


package in.malliktalksjava;

/**
* @author malliktalksjava
* @version 1.0
*
* Below class sorts the given array using SelectionSort
* mechanism and prints the output into console.
*/
public class SelectionSortExample {

/**
* @param args
*/
public static void main(String args[]){

int[] arr1 = {12,434,2,23,7,44,66,42};
int[] arr2 = doSelectionSort(arr1);
for(int var:arr2){
System.out.print(var);
System.out.print(“, “);
}
}

/**
* @param arr
* @return sorted array
*/
public static int[] doSelectionSort(int[] arr){

for (int count = 0; count < arr.length – 1; count++)
{
int index = count;
for (int count2 = count + 1; count2 < arr.length; count2++){
if (arr[count2] < arr[index]){
index = count2;
}
}

int smallerNumber = arr[index];
arr[index] = arr[count];
arr[count] = smallerNumber;
}
return arr;
}
}

 

Other Useful Links:

Bubble Sort Example in JAVA

Insertion Sort Example program in JAVA

Quick Sort Example Program in Java

Merge Sort Example in Java

Example Program – Armstrong Number


Below sample programs finds whether the given number is an Armstrong Number or not.

An Armstrong number of three digits is an integer such that the sum of the cubes of its digits is equal to the number itself. For example, 371 is an Armstrong number since 3**3 + 7**3 + 1**3 = 371. Few more Examples for the Armstrong numbers are : 153, 371, 9474, 54748.

 

package in.javatutorials;

/**
* @author malliktalksjava.in
*
*/
public class ArmstrongNumber {

/**
* @param inputNumber
* @return boolean true/false will be return
*/
public static boolean isArmstrong(int inputNumber) {
String inputAsString = inputNumber + “”;
int numberOfDigits = inputAsString.length();
int copyOfInput = inputNumber;
int sum = 0;
while (copyOfInput != 0) {
int lastDigit = copyOfInput % 10;
sum = sum + (int) Math.pow(lastDigit, numberOfDigits);
copyOfInput = copyOfInput / 10;
}
if (sum == inputNumber) {
return true;
} else {
return false;
}
}

/**
* @param args
*/
public static void main(String[] args) {
int inputNumber = 153;
System.out.print(“Enter a number: “);
boolean result = isArmstrong(inputNumber);
if (result) {
System.out.println(inputNumber + ” is an armstrong number”);
} else {
System.out.println(inputNumber + ” is not an armstrong number”);
}
}
}

 

Example program to reverse a Number in Java


 

package in.javatutorials;

public class ReverseNumber {

public static void main(String[] args) {
System.out.println(“The reversed number is ” + reverse(1234));
}

public static int reverse(int input) {
int result = 0;
int rem;
while (input > 0) {
rem = input % 10;
input = input / 10;
result = result * 10 + rem;
}
return result;
}
}

 

How to find count of duplicates in a List


There are many different ways to find out the duplicates in a List or count of duplicates in a List object. Three best ways have been implemented in the below sample class. I suggest to go with 2nd sample, when there is a requirement in your project.

package in.javatutorials;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;

public class CountOfDuplicatesInList {

public static void main(String[] args) {

List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
list.add(“a”);
list.add(“b”);
list.add(“c”);
list.add(“d”);
list.add(“b”);
list.add(“c”);
list.add(“a”);
list.add(“a”);
list.add(“a”);

// Find out the count of duplicates by passing a String – static way
System.out.println(“\n Output 1 – Count ‘a’ with frequency”);
System.out.println(“a : ” + Collections.frequency(list, “a”));

// Find out the count of duplicates using Unique values – dynamic way
System.out.println(“\n Output 2 – Count all with frequency”);
Set<String> uniqueSet = new HashSet<String>(list);
for (String temp : uniqueSet) {
System.out.println(temp + “: ” + Collections.frequency(list, temp));
}

// Find out the count of duplicates using Map – Lengthy process
System.out.println(“\n Output 3 – Count all with Map”);
Map<String, Integer> map = new HashMap<String, Integer>();

for (String temp : list) {
Integer count = map.get(temp);
map.put(temp, (count == null) ? 1 : count + 1);
}
for (Map.Entry<String, Integer> entry : map.entrySet()) {
System.out.println(“Key : ” + entry.getKey() + ” Value : ”
+ entry.getValue());
}
}
}

 

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